Monday, March 28, 2011

Post #5 - Greatest Greek Contributions to Society Today

A list of the top 5 things that Ancient Greek contributed to our society today:
1. Philosophy
2. Democracy
3. Literary Development
4. Theater Development
5. Hippocratic Oath

These 5 things would be by far the most advantageous developments that affect modern society today. First off, the philosophy studied through Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato created a platform for the development of sciences, and well as a base for education. Democracy, even though invented before the Greeks adopted it, was most used in the Greek society the way we use it today, with everybody having an equal say, and not being advantageous towards the upper class. The literary development in Greece, mainly the developments of poetry, myths, and fables, led to the discovery of great novels such as the Iliad and the Odyssey. The theatrical development of the Greeks led our society to learn the different areas of acting, such as drama, comedy, tragedy, and tragicomedy. Lastly, the Hippocratic Oath was also a major advancement of the Greeks, alloting for our doctors today to have an established code of moral ethics to abide by.

Post #4 - Greek Cover Page

If I had to make a Greek Cover page for our whole unit in western civilization, I would make it this. This cover page, in my opinion, has everything in it that we will be focusing our studies on in our class. In this cover page, we have several Greek buildings, as well as a theater, which were major works of the Greek civilization. We also have the greek alphabet, which was the stepping stone for several generations to come of writing and developing a written language. There is also a picture of the Gods, a major backbone of the Greek way of life. These Gods represented several different values of a person, such as love or hate. Lastly, there is a map of the Greece empire. This map will be a major resource for us when we are studying things such as wars or agricultural development.

Post #3 - Greek Mythology

Greek Name

Roman Name





Goddess of love and beauty; Goddess of pleasure; Goddess of Laughter and Fertility; Daughter of Zeus; Mother of Eros; Wife to Hephaestus

Myrtle, Dove, Sparrow, Swan, Sceptre, Swallow, Hearts, Red Roses, Cupids



God of War;        Parents: Zeus & Hera (their most hated child); Aphrodite is his mistress

Spear, Dog,  Sword, Helmet



Goddess of the Moon; Goddess of Virginity and Childbirth; Protector of Youth and Children; Twin sister Phoebus; Parents: Zeus and Leto

Bear, Bow, Deer, Forest, Moon, Cyprus Tree



Goddess of Wisdom; Brain child of Zeus; Most Intelligent; Patron God of Cities and Civilized Life; God of handy craft Parents:Zeus and Metis

Agriculture, Wisdom, War, Purity, Aegis, Owl, Olive Tree, Athens, Golden Bridal, Flute, Weaving Loom, Helmets, Staff, Shield, Spider Webs, Head of Medusa



Centaur; God of Music; God of Hunting; Half- man , Half Horse; Only tamed Centaur; Great Teacher and Profit; can veiw the future to an extent; Parents: Cronus & Philyra

Wilderness, Horse, Music, Owl, Serpent



 God of time; Ruler of the Titans; God of agriculture; Wife is Rhea; Father to many Gods; Parents: Ouranus and Gaea

Crow, Candle, Harvest, Sicle, Stone, Sun, Moon, Stars, Planets



First of three children of Ouranus and Gaea; massive beings with one eye; considered monsters with no   respect for the gods

lightning, thunder bolt, sound of thunder, earthquake, huge one-eyed sheep



Goddess of agriculture; God of Corn, Sowing, Reaping, and the harvest; Earth Goddess, Patron goddess of marriage

Sceptre, Torch, Golden Sheeves of Corn, Harvest, Poppy, Cane, Pine Cone, Cornucopia, Cow, Sheeps, Doves, Bee, Horses, Pigs, Dolphin



 God of wine; Patron god of animal life and vegetation life; God of Intoxication; Believes in freedom and civilazation; God of drama and Fertility; Earth god

Grape Vine, Ivy, Thyrsos, Golden Challis, Dolphin, Torch, Grapes, Purple Cloak, Serpent, Ram, Tiger, Panther, Lynx, Leppard



 God of love; Son of Aphrodite and Ares; Gangster of love; God of the wedding

Bow and Arrow, Blindfold, Magic Bow, Silver, Lead, and Gold Arrows, Pierced Heart

The Three Graces


Goddesses of happiness,beauty & feast; Names Aglia (splendor), Euphrosyne (mirth), Thalia (Good Cheer); Queens of song, banquets, and social life

Full Banquet Table, Songs, Myrtle Tree, Grace, Beauty, Dance, Purity, Flowers, Young Maidens, Gentleness, Decorum, Gratitude

The Graie

The Graeae

 Gray-haired since birth, have only one eye and one tooth that they share; They lived on the outer layer of the ocean; Known for wisdom; Feast on flesh and Human Brains which they cook; Their names are Enyo, Dino, and Pephredo

Eye, Tooth, Boiling Couldren, Long Gray Hair



 God of the mineral wealth of the earth; Zeus' brother; Third in Power; Ruler of the dead; Wife Persephone;

Sceptre, Cerberus, a cap of invisibility, the key to the underworld, all precious metals and gems; three headed dog, a two pronged staff, black cyprus, black chariot, horses. Four seasons, ram, dolphin



God of fire, volcanic activity, smiths, & craftsmen; Blacksmith of the gods, patron of the gods

Axe, Forge, Tongs, Volcanic Eruptions, Anvil, Fire, and Beautiful Jewelry



 Goddess of marriage & women; Zeus' wife and sister;  Protector of marriage; leader of goddesses; patron of married woman; protector of woman in child birth; Mother of Ares and Hephaestus

Sceptre, Diadem, Peacock, City of  Argos, Cow, Rainbow, Lily, Infants



The messenger God; Delivered Pandora to punish man; master thief; God of commerce; Protects travelers; God of athletes and speech; Brings souls to the underworld; Patron of Doctors

Winged Helmet and Sandals, Caduceus, Lyre, Magic Wand, Doctors Staff, Tortoise, Palm Tree, Dog



Goddess of hearth & home

home, newborn child, palm tree, dog, sheep, fire place



Born Human; Made intom a gorgon by Athena; Cries blood tears, has brass claws and Brass Wings, has Serpent Hair; Killed by Perseus; After she died Pegasus arose from her bleeding trunk; Can Turn a man to stone with one glance; Parents: Phorcys & Ceto

Statues of man, serpents, Pegasus, Bow and Arrow

The Muses


 Inspiring goddesses of songs; Clio - History, Urania - Astronomy, Melpomene - Tragedy, Thalia - Comedy, Terpsichere - Dance, Calliope - Epic Poetry, Erato - love poetry, Polyhymnia - Songs to the gods, Euterpe - Lyric Poetry

Disciplines of Literature, Art and Science, Stairway, Flute, Drama Mask



 God of shepherds & flocks; Satyr, he has Goat hands, legs, and hoofs and human arms and head; Father Hermes; God of woods and fields; Patron god of the shepherds; Patron and Protector of all forest animals; Invented the Shepherd Pipes

Animals, Red Pine



Queen of Hades; Goddess of springtime; Parents: Demeter and Zeus

Light Side - Cornucopia overflowing with Flowers, Farm Animals, Palmegranite, Flowing Stream; Dark Side - Cave, Skull



God of Music; Son of Zeus; Twin Brother of Artemis; God of Truth, Archery, Philosophy, and Light; Great Healer; God of Prophecy

Bow, Lyre, Laurel Tree, Dolphin, Crow, Silver Bow, Lighted Torch, Sun Golden Chariot



God of earthquakes & the sea; Brother of Zeus; Second in Power; Ruler of Sea; God of Fertility

Trident, Horse, Bull, Dolphin, Sea Horses, Waves, Earthquakes



Goddess of fertility of female body; Cybele; Wife of Cronus; Mother of Zeus and many others; Helper of the Harvest; Goddess of Craftiness and Slyness of Woman; Goddess of Motherhood

Stone, Lioness, Mothers, Sneaky Women



 God of the heavens, weather, fate, & kings; Rain God; Cloud Gatherer; Thunder Maker; Lord of the Universe; Son of Cronus and Rhea; Many Brothers and Sisters Parents: Cronus and Rhea

Thunderbolt, Eagle, Oak Tree, Aegis, Eagle, Golen Mist, Bull, Swan, Dear


Thursday, March 24, 2011

Post #2 - Athens vs. Sparta

The Similarities and Differences of Athens and Sparta:

On a similar note, Athens and Sparta had few, but very distinct similarities. The main similarity they had was that they had the same form of government. Both Sparta and Athens had an assembly running their governemtn, which means that the people in control were elected to rule the city-states. Other then this main similarity, Athens and Sparta had several differences. For one, Athens was a much more creative city-state while Sparta was very simple and straightforward. The people of Sparta focused their whole life on war and joining the military. The men were trained from a young age to fight properly, and the young women were trained to be the mothers of warriors. On the Athens side, the Athenians were more open-minded to what they wanted to pursue as their career. This opened up many fields in education, arts, and sciences, and granted a lot of opportunity for the Athenians. And unlike the Spartans, the Athenians had a choice of whether to join the army or navy.


Which city-state I would like to live in:
If given the opportunity to live in either Athens or Sparta, I would live in Athens. I would live here because of the ample amount of opportunity I would have to expand my horizons and pursue what I truely have a passion for. Also, I wouldn't want to be forced into the military, but would like to have that as a choice in case things fall through so I would always have somewhere to turn. For these reasons, I believe that Athens would be an overall better place to live in then Sparta.

Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Post #1 - 25 Greek Fun Facts

List of information I recently found out about the Greek Civilization:

1. Minoan artists carved their figures from bronze, gold, ivory, and silver, and painted frescoes, which were wet plaster paintings, on palace walls.
2. The Minoan civilization was named after the legendary king of Crete, King Minos.
3. The center of the Greek identity was represented by the polis, which is the Greek word for city-state.
4.  In most city-states, the original fort was built on an acropolis, or hill.
5. The Greeks placed much importantce in the political independance of the different polis, and each city-state formed it's own kind of government or law.
6. The oracles were places in which it was believed that the God's spoke through mortals.
7. The Olympic Games were originally held to honor the Greek God's.
8. Aristocracy means to rule by the best.
9. Heavy infantry who carried long spears were called hoplites.
10. Myths were traditional stories about Gods, Goddesses, and heros.
11. While Athens was known for it's law and government, Sparta was known for it's physical strength and discipline of the people.
12. People the Spartans conquered were forced to work for them and were called helots.
13. Draco is believed to have created Athen's first written law code around 621 B.C.
14. Cleisthenes broke up the power of the aristocrats and created the Council of Five Hundred.
15. The tyrant Peisistratus improved Athen's economy and divided nobles' estates among poor farmers.
16. Agriculture was not the mainstay of Athen's economy.
17. Athenian women were citizens, but could not vote, nor could they own or inherit property.
18. The main purpose of marriage was the have children.
19. Once boys reached the age of seven, they came under the care of a male slave, called their hoplite.
20. Athenians would not place the value of military practice over literature and education.
21. The Delian League is an alliance of Greek city-states.
22. Thucydides is a historian who commented on the tyranny of Athens.
23. The Peloponnesian War was a war between the Greeks and Spartans.
24. The greatest Greek statesmen of all time was Pericles.
25. Themistocles was the Athenian leader who tricked Xerxes and took out nearly all of the Persian fleet.


From this point on we will be researching Greek civilization, and my posts will be reset back to 1 instead of continuing to 13, Thank You!

Nick Haff

Post #12 - Egyptian Project

The sources I used for making this project are listed in the side-panel under 'Ancient Egyptian Music and Theater'.

Final Product -

For my project I used glogster. As a result of using glogster, I have several opinions on the good and bad points of the website. Overall, on a good note, there is a lot of variation in the animations and different types of text and background you can use in the presentation. On a bad note, I found the website very limiting to the space you can use, and hard to organize everything in a certain order. Overall, this website was for the most part very good and I would certainly suggest it for any type of short presentation you would need to do for a class or a project.

Thursday, March 3, 2011

Post #11 - Starting Off the Project

Assignment: Take a topic from the real world today and relate it to a similar subject in the Egyptian Civilization.

Essential Question I Want to Answer: How were the Egyptians involved in musical(instrumental and vocal) and theatrical events or entertainment, were they religious, and what class of people were allowed to participate in them.

The main thing I want to learn about this topic is how music and theater played a role in the every day lives of the Egyptians. For example, if there were any instruments hand made to be performed or if there were groups of people singing to entertain people, or even to just pass time. Also, during the practice of their religion, I would also like to find out if in between masses or readings there were performances to split up the monotony of the complete mass.

Overall, I would like to present my findings in a way that allow people to hear or listen to what their performances would have comprised of, and give people of our time a good understanding of the performing arts in the Egyptian Civilization.

Friday, February 18, 2011

Post #10 - Most Influential Persian Leader

I believe the most influential person leader was Cyrus the Great. Cyrus accomplished the astonishing task of defeating the Median army and uniting the Persians and Medians as one. He also captured several Greek cities in Ionia, and spread his army into Mesopotamia where he then defeated the Chaldeans and took over Babylon. All of these militarian extravanganzas showed how truely powerful Cyrus was as a leader, and also how much respect that his people had for him to be able to put their lives on the line in this way. Cyrus also allowed people to keep their own customs when he took them over. This allowed for a vast variety of cultural beliefs, and also made Cyrus have much respect over the people he conquered. The last task Cyrus accomplished was freeing the Jews from slavery and allowing them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple. When Cyrus died, he rule the largest empire in the world, and that is why he is the most famous Persian leader.

Post #9 - Abraham Powerpoint

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Post #7 - Own Hammurabi Laws

Laws of Hammurabi for Northern Burlington:
Law #1 - You must pay your lunch in pennies, if you don't you will be pelted with rocks, and you can't keep them.
Law #2 - If you steal an item from someone, you will have a hand chopped off.
Law #3 - If you start a fight with someone, all the teachers will beat you up.
Law #4 - If you perform sexual acts in the school, your genitalia will be mutilated.
Law #5 - If you do any type of drugs in the school, you will be forced to take 15 vicadin pills and have your stomach pumped.
Law #6 - If you betray the rules of 'fives', you will get 5 lashes with a whip.
Law #7 - If you break any school property, you must replace the item you broke with 10 identical objects.
Law #8 - If you have an odd number of letters in your last name, you shall be forced into Mrs. Marr's class for the rest of the year!!!
Law #9 - If you eavesdrop on a conversation you were not invited to hear, you shall lose both ears!
Law #10 - If you eat somebody elses food without permission, you will be forced to eat a 10 pound hamburger covered in the world's hottest hot sauce and peppers in less then an hour!
Law #11 - If you skip class, you shall be forced to skip(the action) for a whole month!
Law #12 - If your name is lance you shall be killed(just kidding)
Law #12a - If you talk back to a teacher, your lips will be cut off!

Friday, February 11, 2011

Post #6 - Hammurabi's Code

Link to full text of Hammurabi's Code:

Laws to enact in the world today:
Law 8 - I believe that this law should be enacted today for several reasons. For one, I think that this law is fair due to the fact that if anyone steals from another person, they should be forced to pay back much more then they stole. Also if they have nothing to pay, death works too.
Law 11 - I believe this law should be enacted due to the fact that it insults the person who claimed something was stolen and lied about it, before they are put to death. That seems suitable to a liar!
Law 14 - If you steal someones kid, that is a pretty trying crime. Therefore, death seems like a suitable punishment for stealing someones son.
Law 22 - If someone is caught stealing, then they should definitely be punished by this law. Death seems a little extreme, but it will do the job.
Law 45 - I like this law because it reinstates the money that was lost for the field. If someone rents out a field and can't do anything with it, then it is suitable that the money should be repaid back to the person who rented the field.

Post #5 - Sumerian Response

Dear The Travel Agent 9000,

                 I would like to thank you for the offer of settling our civlization in your river valley, but I am afraid that we will have to decline. The region known as the Fertile Crescent is far nicer then the Pech River Valley offer you are proposing. Even though there is more land in your river valley, the fertile soil in the Fertile Crescent is far superior to any land we have looked at to this day. Also, the Euphrates and Tigris rivers allow us much river front for farming, and will prosper our nation for years to come. If we get taken over by barbarians or over run by another civilization, I will be sure to send you a telegram.

Sumerian Overlord King Guatalupe

Thursday, February 10, 2011

Post #4 -

Dear Sumerian Settlers,

The Pech River valley could have been a perfect place for you to settle down your civilization. This region is very isolate, away from those pesky neighbors, so that your civilization could have been booming here. Also, the several river fronts offered in this package bring along ample amounts of crop space to spread out your economy. And just in case barbarians or another civilizations happen to take over your civilization, *cough*, then you can always look forward to accepting this package!


The Travel Agent 9000

Post #3 - Timeline

This is a timeline of the Fertile Crescent going from 9000 BC to the end of the BC era.

This is another timeline of the Fertile crescent from 9000 BC to 700 AD.

Out of both of these time lines, I would choose to add the second one to our textbook. Out of both of these timelines, I believe that the second one is better. Even though both timelines have approximately the same number of events, the second timeline provides images. These images help correlate what actually happened in the Fertile Crescent to today much better then the first one. Overall, I believe this timeline would be a great addition to the textbook, and would greatly help out with learning about the fertile crescent.

Post #2 - 15 Facts

1. The first civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates Valley was the Sumerians.
2. Sumerians were the first civilization to develop writing.
3. The Sumerian style of writing today is known as cuneiform.
4. The Sumerians invented the ark, a curved wooden structure. Watch out Noah.
5. Ziggurats were the temples in which Sumerians practiced their religion.
6. Intelligent boys who showed a greater understanding were trained to be scribes.
7. Phoenicia was formed of several City-States, each with its' own government.
8. The Phoenicians were the founders of the glass-blowing, a designing art.
9. Phoenician sculptors normally used ivory, a prized pocession that was shipped in from North and South Africa.
10. The alphabet was first founded by the Phoenicians.
11. The Lydians were the first people to develop coined money.
12. Before the issuing of coins, people had to barter in order to get other goods.
13. The Lydians passed on the concept of a money economy to the Greeks and Persians.
14. People throughout the ancient world prized cloth dyed with purple because it was the favorite of the rich
15. Assyrians were the first people to use a cavalry army, or people on horseback.

Friday, February 4, 2011

Post #1 - Introduction

I am very interested in many of the performing arts. Even though I am interested in this activites, my main focus and interest is on becoming a lawyer due to my love for debating and helping out others. In my spare time after school, as if I have any, I am in all of the band and theatre programs. This includes being the drum major of the marching band as well as the lead in the musical this year. What makes me unique is the positive and upbringing attitude that I can inflect on to my peers. I always come in everyday with a positive attitude, and try to make everything as fun as possible. I took this class to be able to open my eyes to the ancient civilizations that we spend hardly any time on in other history classes. The main thing that intrigues me about ancient civilizations is how they have impacted our lives in such a major way, but never even get thought of when reflected on the past. Out of this class, I hope to get a better understanding of ancient cililizations, a good background of history for my future in college, and overall a fun time while learning.